hardwood floors styles

Hardwood Floor Styles

Even if you’re an experienced shopper, the number of hardwood patterns, textures, colors, choices, and price points can be overwhelming. That’s why it’s an advantage to have knowledge on some hardwood basic styles. Knowing such will give you edge in choosing the best wood floor for your home.

Finding the perfect hardwood style for your home comes in combining quality, aesthetics, and your lifestyle. Of course, it should suit your budget too.

Hardwood Floor Styles

  • medallions
  • running on the diagonal
  • creating borders

Hardwood Floor Types

1. Pre-finished hardwood floors:

  • installation ready
  • boards already finished, sanded, and stained
  • stronger, better – protected surface
  • wood species have wider variety
  • extended finish warranty
  • save time of labor and cleanup

2. Unfinished hardwood floors:

  • a custom job for you
  • it’s stained and sanded on site
  • you pick the wood species
  • after installation, it can level the surface
  • no extended finish warranty

Hardwood Floor Installation Location Options

  • check installation site for limits of location
  • solid floors are sensitive to moisture; not good f concrete slabs or basements

hardwood floors quality

Hardwood Floor Grain and Cut

  • styles are outcome of the available species
  • species: cherry, red oak, maple, white oak, hickory, white ash, pecan
  • all species have peculiar texture and graining
  • the boards’ graining are determined by the way it has been ripped
  • two cutting processes: “Rotary Cut” – shows a more huge and darker graining pattern;  “Sliced Cut” – uniform pattern

hardwood floors manufacturing

Hardwood Floor Colors

  • all species provide choices of finishes as well as color
  • with furniture and cabinetry, pick contrasting and coordinating
  • natural colors are more casual
  • darker or bolder woods are more formal

Hardwood Floor Finishes

  • various types for job site finished or pre-finished
  • minimal gloss levels are better for active rooms
  • lesser matte finishes or gloss reduced scratches and dirt
  • for formal décor, it’s high gloss finish

Hardwood Floor Upkeep

  • no more scrubbing and waxing
  • pre-finished is urethane-based finishes, also hard and durable
  • to maximize the urethane finish’s lif, chips of Aluminum Oxide is added

Hardwood Floor Protection

  • factory finished: several coats used to the surface
  • 6-10 coats of ultra-violet (UV) cured urethane are applied by most companies
  • UV cured urethane is not easy to duplicate on a job site finish
  • factory finishes – more durable and consistent
  • avoid washing your floor with a mop
  • don’t forget that water is hardwood’s enemy
  • unlike old waxed floors, hardwood floors won’t watermark
  • UV cured finishes make floors maintenance easy compared to waxed floors

Pre-finished Hardwood Floor Choices:

  • ceramic – state-of-the-art technology allowing ceramics to increase wear layer resistance
  • uv-cured – factory finishes used with Ultra Violet lights versus heat
  • aluminum oxide – used to urethane finish for maximized abrasion resistance
  • crylic-urethane – not the same make up than Polyurethane, similar advantages
  • polyurethane –  tough, durable, and clear used as a wear layer
  • acrylic impregnated – acrylic monomers implanted into cell structure for firmness, then polished with a wear layer

Job-Site Hardwood Flooring

  • begin with an unfinished floor, then taupe, stain, and finish
  • if subfloor is okay, you can have a custom stained
  • can have a floor to suit current trim
  • benefit: smoother floor between wider boards
  • method is untidy and takes days

Hardwood Floor Methods:

  • Water Based Urethane – water used as part of the makeup of the finish
  • Solvent Based Urethane – oil used as part of the makeup of the finish
  • Moisture Cured Urethane – similar make up as solvent based urethanes, finish needs moisture to cure

Hardwood Floor Board Widths

  • boards come in different sizes
  • “planks”  – wider boards
  • “strips” – narrower boards
  • board width visually influences a room
  • strips expand a room
  • planks match better in a larger room

Hardwood Floor Edge Knowledge

  • each edge develops a specific feel and look
  • floors come in either a square edge or a beveled edge
edge-square
edge-micro
edge-beveled

Hardwood Floor Edge Types:

  • eased edge: boards slightly beveled to length and/or the end joints, hides irregularities, plank heights, also called micro-beveled edge
  • square edge: edges all meet squarely for a uniform, smooth surface (contemporary and formal)
  • beveled edge: distinctive groove, informal and country décor, beveled edges sealed completely, dirt easy to sweep or vacuum out of the grooves

Species Guide

Hardwood Floor Hardness – Janka hardness test

  • higher the number the stronger the wood
  • one of the best ways to scope wood species’ ability to endure indentations
  • measures the strength required to implant a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood
  • general guide when comparing different species
  • finish and construction are also significant in the ease of maintenance and persistence

HARDNESS RATING

  • African Pedauk 1725
  • American Beech 1300
  • Ash 1320
  • Australian Cypress 1375
  • Black Cherry 950
  • Black Walnut 1010
  • Brazilian Cherry 2350
  • Douglas Fir 660
  • Hard maple 1450
  • Heart Pine 1225
  • Hickory 1820
  • Jarrah 1910
  • Merbau 1925
  • Mesquite 2345
  • Pecan  1820
  • Purpleheart 1860
  • Red Oak(Northern) 1290
  • Santos Mahogany 2200
  • Southern Yellow Pine (shortleaf) 690
  • Southern Yellow Pine (longleaf) 870
  • Teak 1000
  • White Oak 1360
  • Wenge 1620
  • Yellow Birch 1260