Natural Stone Styles

Do you know that what’s inside your house say a lot of who you are, what you adore, and what you do in life? The interior decoration speaks volume about your own taste  – your style. And it’s the same logic when it comes to your stone flooring. You choose the one the matches your style or even your personality – adventurous, calm, artistic, and so on.

Your stone flooring can impact your house interior aesthetics, design, décor, warmth, livability and durability. However, deciding your preferred stone floor can be intimidating. The wide selection of natural stone patterns, textures, choices and prices can overwhelm even the most experienced buyer.

  • typical natural stone floor tile sizes: 18”x18”, 16”x16”, 13”x13”, and 12”x12”
  • two types of edges for natural stone floor tile: a polished straight edge or a polished bull nose edge
  • two basic types of stone used in architecture
    • agglomerates (manufactured stones)
    • natural stone such as granite, marble, or limestone

Natural stone classes

Metamorphic rock
Formed when other kinds of rocks are altered by extreme pressure and heat beneath the earth

  • quartzite
  • slate
  • marble

Igneous rock
Created when molten rock (called magma or lava) cools and becomes solid

  • granite

Sedimentary rock
D
eveloped from biological deposits that have went through crystallization and consolidation

  • sandstone
  • limestone

Natural stone names and definitions:

natural stone floor
natural stone flooring

Stone Finishes

Polished Stone

  • makes a glossy shine from  stone crystals’ natural reflection
  • through finer polishing heads, mirror-like shine is attained
  • depending on the type of stone, the polish may last longer or may be unstable
  • limestone, marble, and granite are regularly polished and need maintenance to sustain the shine

Honed Stone

  • gives a matte, flat or satin finish
  • brings out a more softer and informal appearance
  • finish is made by barely applying the polishing’s last stage
  • fewer scratches are visible
  • minimal maintenance
  • travertine, limestone, marble, and slate are excellent for a honed finish

Acid-washed Stone

  • fewer scratches are revealed
  • shiny with little etching scratches (pits in the surface)
  • appearance is more rustic
  • a lot of stones can be acid-washed
  • marble and limestone are the most common
  • another method to reduce the shine on granite

Saw-cut refined Stone

  • stone is processed to eliminate the heaviest saw marks but not sufficient to attain a honed finish
  • can acquire marble, granite, and limestone this process
  • matte finish

Flamed Stone

  • finish attained by heating the stone’s surface to high temperatures, followed by continuous cooling
  • the stone’s surface bursts and chips leaving a rough, earthy texture
  • granite is usually used in the process
  • flamed granite has an extremely textured surface
  • best for areas where slip resistance might be a concern such as shower areas

Split-faced Stone

  • coarse texture
  • not as rough compared to flamed
  • finish can be attained by hand cutting and shaping at the quarry
  • this reveals the stone’s natural cleft
  • finish is mostly processed on slate

Tumbled Stone

  • smooth or slightly pitted surface, and broken, rounded corners and edges
  • various methods applied to attain the tumbled look
  • 3/8” thick tiles can be tumbled in a machine
  • or 3cm tiles can be tumbled and then break apart, making two tiles that are tumbled on one side
  • limestone and marble are usually tumbled

Brushed Stone

  • features a tattered appearance
  • attained by brushing the stone surface
  • resembling natural wear over time