Ceramic tile and natural stone are two of the most popular options for flooring. Each one has its own advantages and disadvantages, based on appearance, durability, safety, and functionality.
Ceramic tiles are made from white or red clay and are kiln-fired. They can be categorized as Class 1 or Class 3, based on the rating of the Porcelain Enamel Institute. The PEI classification determines the amount of foot traffic the tile can support. Class 1 is recommended for walls while Class 3 is a better fit for floors.
Ceramic tiles provide an identifiable color pattern because they can be made to look the same. Ceramic tiles are easier to seal and clean because of their uniformity of design. Their smooth finish allows for sealants or cleaning products to be evenly distributed on the surface. As an additional benefit, ceramic tiles are cheaper than natural stone.
Ceramic tiles are ideal for regions with mild temperatures. They are less weather-resistant than natural stone. When installed near entryways in cold climates, they could crack or break.
Granite, marble, slate, and travertine are among the most common natural stone choices. Marble, travertine, and limestone are types of sedimentary stone formed from the natural and long-term compression of fossil remains. Granite is igneous rock formed from the cooling and hardening of molten substances. Slate is a metamorphic rock forged from sedimentary stone by heat and compression.
Natural stone is highly resistant to wear and tear and to weather extremes. It is more expensive than ceramic because it is not made from synthetic materials. Installing natural stone often appreciates a home’s value considerably.
Natural stone is not without its drawbacks. It is pricey. It can also be hard to clean and seal due to its uneven surface.
Do your research carefully when selecting the best flooring material for your needs. Consider maintenance, durability, and cost as you weigh your options.